past perfect tense adverbials

The page 273, past perfect tense +the adverbial  is arrange the words into appropriate sentences.

  1. Mother had already hung the new curtains.
  2. The bees had already stung him.
  3. I had already sewn the torn shirt.
  4. The water had already boiled.
  5. The boy scouts had already collected the sticks.
  6. The rambutan had already ripen.
  7. Osman had already painted the wall.
  8. He had already stopped calling me.
  9. Had we already enrolled ourselves for the programme?
  10. Had the office boy already delivered the letters?

Examples – Past Perfect Simple

  1. After Sofie had finished her work, she went to lunch.
  2. I washed the floor when the painter had gone.
  3. Harold had known about it for a while. I didn’t say anything until she had finished talking.
  4. After she had moved out, I found her notes.
  5. Before I knew it, she had run out the door.

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These two tenses are both used to talk about things that happened in the past.

However we use past perfect to talk about something that happened before another action in the past, which is usually expressed by the past simple.

For example: “I had already eaten my dinner when he called.”

Simple English A Practical Grammar Workbook page 272.

The examples of the past perfect tense and the adverbial that written to your guide as following:

  • The water had already boiled.
  • The participants had arrive already.
  • Both the girls had already gone for a swim.
  • The moon had already shone brightly.
  • I had taken my bath already.
  • The servant had already mopped the floor.
  • All of us had already filled up the form.
  • The wind had stopped blowing already.
  • The volcano had already erupted once.
  • The snow had fallen already.

The statements into positive questions

Change statements and making positive questions. (page 269) A Practical Grammar.

  1. I had listed what to bring for the camping. Had I listed what to bring for the camping?
  2. Two candidates had failed to turn up on time for the test. Had to candidates failed to turn up on time for the test?
  3. The aircraft had crashed in the middle of the forest. Had the aircraft crashed in the middle of the forest?
  4. Kamal had broken his promises to help us. Had Kamal broken his promises to help us?
  5. She had waited long enough to get married. Had she waited long enough to get married?
  6. The couple had rented a house nearby. Had the couple rented a house nearby?
  7. The police had spotted the hiding place of the smugglers. Had the police spotted the hiding place of the smugglers?
  8. He had sailed across the South China Sea. Had he sailed across the South China Sea?
  9. They had heard about the happy news earlier. Had they heard about the happy news earlier? And (continue to page 270)
  10. The bus had stopped at the wrong destination. Had the bus stopped at the wrong destination?

A Practical Grammar – page 269 to 270

Past Perfect Tense

The page 267 is the title about, “How the verbs in the past perfect tense” are used in the examples below:

Past tense: Nancy needed a new dress. I was very hungry. The man wanted to speak to the Principal.

Past continuous tense: Nancy was buying a new dress. I was eating some sandwiches. The man was speaking to the Principal.

Past perfect tense: Nancy had bought a new dress. I had eaten some sandwiches. The man had spoken to the Principal.

The page 268 is the correct form of the past perfect tense of the verbs as following.

  1. They were all doing nothing because they had finished their job. They preferred to chit-chat among themselves.
  2. She had not brought any money to spend for the week, so she had to borrow some from me.
  3. I told her to bring some food but she had come with her bare hands.
  4. I had spoken to the man, but he could not remember me.
  5. The bungalow was very big and spacious, I wished my father had booked for it.
  6. We had argued about the date, but nobody listened to us.
  7. Once the flowers had bloomed, we could see the beautiful surrounding of the house.
  8. Once the servant had swept the floor, we would spread out the mat on the floor.
  9. She had handed in her work, but she had not checked it.
  10. The plumber had repaired the pipe, but it was still leaking.
  11. The house was very dusty. Had anybody ever stayed there?
  12. Mimi was absent so she had not taken the parcel.
  13. Although she had passed her driving lesson, she refused to drive the car.
  14. When we arrived at the office, the manager had already gone out.
  15. Had you informed him before you met him at the office?

(page 268) A Practical Grammar

Question words exercises for beginners

The page 271 to 272, A Practical Grammar is to change the statements into appropriate questions.

Begin the questions with suitable question words like what, who, how, which, etc.

  1. They had eaten some fried rice for their breakfast. What had they eaten for breakfast?
  2. Mazni had ordered some fresh flowers for her wedding. Who had ordered some fresh flowers for her wedding?
  3. Mother had chosen the satin blouse for her. Which blouse had mother chosen for her?
  4. The clerk had typed out the application letter for us. What had the clerk typed out for us?
  5. He had bought two story books for his sister. How many story books had he bought for his sister?
  6. The man had mistakenly taken Aziz’s baggage. Whose baggage had the man mistakenly taken?
  7. Uncle Osman had transferred to Ipoh. Where had Uncle Osman transferred to?
  8. Siti had found the lost kitten by the roadside. Who had found the lost kitten by the roadside?
  9. The strong wind had damaged the houses. What had the strong wind damaged?
  10. She had fried all the chickens. What had she fried?

Rewritten from Simple English Malaysians Edition book. Nor Bi Abd Rahman.

The statements into negative questions

The example of the statements into negative questions as following:

  1. Both of them had cleaned up their rooms. Hadn’t both of them cleaned up their rooms?
  2. You had changed your plans. Hadn’t you changed your plans?
  3. The watchman had locked the front gate. Hadn’t the watchman locked the front gate?
  4. The flood had swept away the stalls by the roadside. Hadn’t the flood swept away the stalls by the roadside?
  5. Puan Maznah had claimed the lost bag. Hadn’t Puan Maznah claimed the lost bag?
  6. Mother had disposed all the rubbish. Hadn’t mother disposed all the rubbish?
  7. Mary had beaten the eggs with the butter and sugar. Hadn’t Mary beaten the eggs with the butter and sugar?
  8. Father had sprinkled some salt into the basin of water. Hadn’t father sprinkled some salt into the basin of water?
  9. The farmer had harvested the padi in the field. Hadn’t the farmer harvested the padi in the field?
  10. The chef had roasted the chicken with some honey. Hadn’t the chef roasted the chicken with some honey?

Page 270 to 271 (A Practical Grammar Workbook)


Deliberate. Intention, or not on purpose. Intended. It means you are purposeful in word and action. Used to describe an action made intentionally.

An intention is idea that you plan (or intended) to carry out. If you mean something, it’s an intention.

Your goal, purpose, or aim is your intention. It’s something you mean to do.

On purpose, planned and Deliberate. Synonyms an conscious, intended, purposive, set, willed, willful, witting, voluntary, premeditated, pre-planned, prearranged, or done with intention or on purpose or intended.

For easy meaning is “Done something with intended of yours”.


Human being collectively. The quality of being humane, humanities are academic disciplines that study aspects of human society and culture.

That’s include ancient and modern languages, literature, philosophy, history, human geography, law, politics, religion and art, culture.

Studying the humanities gives you general knowledge but not a practical trade.

People in general or understanding and kindness towards other people.

Learning concerned with human thought and relations. Related to and involves humanity.

Perceived easy sentence

Perceived easy sentence

Perceived sentence example:
a) “I asked her if she perceived any hint of threat”.
b) “He didn’t have to explain how accusing his opponent would be perceived”.

Sentence resource:

“It has been defined simply as the perceived quality of intentionally shared information from a sender”.

Perceive is defined as to see, hear or feel something or to have an understanding of something.

An example of perceive is what a woman might think about giving birth after hearing other women’s birth stories.

When we perceive something, we become aware of notice it. Sometimes we perceive things by using our sense of sight, hearing and smell.

Or we can use our mind to perceive things, which means that we are able to recognize or understand them.

Perceived or perception

Perception is the way you think about or understand someone/something.

However, perception is colored by our past experiences, feelings and thoughts.

The same scene can be understood in two different ways by two different individuals.

Two individuals looking at the same picture would interpret it in two ways.

Become aware or conscious of something, come to realize or understand.

Identify, appreciate, regard, consider, appraise, assess, adjudge.

To see something or someone or/and to notice something that is obvious. “I perceived a note of unhappiness in her voice”.

If you perceive something, you see notice or realize it, especially when it is not obvious.

“many young people do not perceive the need to consider pensions at all”.

“Precisely what other problems do you perceive? She ask”.

If you perceive someone/ something as doing or being a particular thing, it is your opinion that they do this thing or that they are that thing.


Definition and meaning for word far-famed widely known and esteemed.

Synonyms as celebrated, famed, famous, notable, noted, renowned, well-known, acclaimed.

The area surrounding a place, especially a town. “A famed scientist is Robert Einstein”.

And famed meaning is known about by many people, renowned.

Synonyms as prominent, distinguished, esteemed, acclaimed, honoured, known and usually liked by many people.

“And his name is still famed throughout the world as one who developed his own unique theatre methodology”.


Planned or meant. “the person one intends to marry”. To have as a plan or purpose.

To propose imply knowing what one wishes to do and setting this as a goal.

To intend is to have in mind something to be done or brought about. The definition of intended is something that has been planned. Purposeful.

You use intended to describe the thing you’re trying to affect. The intended target had been a military building.

Or expected to be such in the future or to have in mind as a purpose or/and goal. To have something in your mind as a plan.