Puan Maznah had claimed the lost bag“.

to say that something is true or is a fact, although you cannot prove it and other people might not believe it:

The company claims that it is not responsible for the pollution in the river.

# They claim there’s not enough evidence it’s him.

# She would claim to be a research scientist.

# That claim is simply not true.

# In fact she had avoided – even pushed away those who might want to claim close friendship.

2. a written request to an organization to pay you a sum of money which you believe it owes you: After the storm, dozens of claims were filed to collect crop insurance.

formally request or demand; say that one owns or has earned (something).

When you express your right to something, you’re making a claim to it, like telling your sister, “This bowl of cereal is mine.”

A claim is also a statement saying that you have a right to something: They asserted their claim to citizenship.


“The watchman had locked the front gate”.

a man employed to look after an empty building, especially at night. “a night watchman”

synonyms:security guard, security man, guard, doorman; caretaker, superintendent, warden.

a person who keeps guard over a building at night, to protect it from fire, vandals, or thieves. (formerly) a person who guards or patrols the streets at night.

“a night watchman”  a man employed to look after an empty building, especially at night.


The source sentence is “The volcano had already erupted once”.

Of a volcano become active and eject lava, Ash and gases. Synonym as explode. When a volcano erupts, it explodes and flames and rocks come out of it.

For examples: “since the volcano last erupted, many houses have been built in a dangerous position on its slopes”. Synonyms as flare up, flare, burst out.

For second meaning is break out suddenly and dramatically.

Sentence examples are ” fierce fighting erupted between the army and guerrillas”. And fighting erupted in the streets”.


Writers need to be very clear about who they are writing for, and must tailor their work accordingly.

Made to order, custom made, a person whose occupation is making fitted.

2. Make or adapt for a particular purpose or person. Customize, adapt, adjust, modify, convert, alter, mould, trim, suit, shape, reshape, tune, repairs, outfitter.

When you tailor something, to the needs of others, you are adjusting what you do to best suit them rather than taking a general approach.

Appeals synonym

The magazine appeals to people with an extensive knowledge of cars, car parts and the car-industry.

If something appeals to you, you find it attractive or interesting. An application (as to a recognized authority) or make a serious.

If you appeal to someone to do something, you make a serious and urgent request to them.
Synonyms as ask, refer, call, request, supplicate.

2. A quality that arouses interest, desire, attraction. Definition of appeal, to make a request for, or mean to ask. “The Prime Minister appealed to young people to use their vote”.

“The United Nations has appealed for help from the International Community”.

Synonyms as attractive, interesting or a favorable response. An appeal is an attempt to raise money  for a charity or for a good cause.

“If you appeal to someone in authority against a decision, you formally ask them to change it.


“The chef had roasted the chicken with some honey”.

Roast. roasted definition: past simple and past participle of roast. to cook food in an oven or over a fire: to heat nuts or coffee over a fire.

Roast definition, to bake (meat or other food) uncovered, especially in an oven.

Synonyms as cook (food, especially meat) by prolonged exposure to heat in an oven or over a fire.

synonyms:cook, bake, grill; spit-roast, pot-roast; broil. “potatoes roasted in olive oil”

(of food) cooked by prolonged exposure to heat in an oven or over a fire. “roasted chestnuts”

(of a foodstuff, metal ore, or other substance) processed by being subjected to intense heat.
“roasted barley”

What is the difference between roast and bake?

If you’re cooking food that has a solid structure — like any type of meat or vegetables (no matter the temperature of the oven, you’ll roast it).

If you’re cooking food that doesn’t already have a solid structure, but will after it’s cooked — like muffins, cake, bread, and casseroles (the proper method is baking).

simple present form of be

The simple present is a verb tense with two main uses. We use the simple present tense when an action is happening right now, or when it happens regularly (or unceasingly, which is why it’s sometimes called present indefinite).

The simple present tense is one of several forms of present tense in English. It is used to describe habits, unchanging situations.


Sentence source: Please be careful not to break this vase.

A vase is a jar, usually made of glass or pottery, used for holding cut flowers or as an ornament.

Vase definition, a vessel, as of glass, porcelain, earthenware, or metal.

It can be made from a number of materials, such as ceramics , glass, non-rusting metals, such as aluminium, brass, bronze or stainless steel. Even wood has been used to make vases.

The tall container you put flowers in is a vase. Thanks for the enormous bouquet of daisies.

vase meaning, definition, what is vase: a container used to put flowers in.

A vase is a jar, usually made of glass or pottery, used for holding cut flowers or as an ornament.

Definition of vase – a decorative container without handles, typically made of glass or China.

Definition of vase. : a usually round vessel of greater depth than width used chiefly as an ornament or for holding flowers.

A decorative container without handles, typically made of glass or china and used as an ornament or for displaying cut flowers.


to accept something to be true without question or proof. Definition of assume – suppose to be the case, without proof, take or begin to have (power or .

Assume definition: If you assume that something is true , you imagine that it is true, sometimes wrongly.

take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof. Synonyms: presuppose. take for granted. anticipate.

Another word for assume: presume, think, believe, expect, accept.

Worthy sentence

‘Having or showing a composed for serious manner that is worthy of respect’

If a person or thing is worthy of something, they deserve  it because they have the qualities or abilities required.

A worthy person or thing is approved of by most people in society and considered to be morally respectable or correct.

Synonyms: praiseworthy, good, excellent, deserving, having worth, value or merit. I like them, and they are worthy winners”.

You can refer to worthy people as worthies. “A group of local worthies began to plan their own exhibition”.

simple future tense exercises

The simple future tense of the verbs formula is start will or shall and root verbs. Page 284 A Practical Grammar Workbook.

1. Anis will look after the flower plants while I am away. I will give the key of the gate to her.

2. Azlan will wash the car for me. He will polish it too.

3. Your friends will not come unless they are invited. Brother Ali will prepare the invitation cards for you.

4. Please ask her to pass up her work on time or Puan Nor Bi will punish her. I will inform others to do so, too.

5. All of us will meet Mr Gopal at the library tomorrow. He will discuss with us what to prepare for the annual class party.

6. My father will not attend the Prize Giving Ceremony because he is still in London. However, I will make sure that my mother will not disappoint me.

7. Those students will sit for their PMR this year. They will have to study hard in order to get excellent results.

8. There are a number of interesting story books to read. I will get them for you tomorrow. Besides reading the stories you will improve your language too.

9. Do not eat too much. It will make you fat. You will not feel comfortable if you are fat.

10. I will play with my friends till my father comes and fetches me. Then we will go shopping together.

Past perfect tense yet

Examples of the position of yet in the sentences: She hadn’t……. yet or, We hadn’t….. yet. Page 276, SIMPLE ENGLISH (Nor Bi Abd Rahman) part 3, unit 7 past perfect tense.

1. I hadn’t paid my school fees yet.
2. The ladies hadn’t prepared our lunch yet.
3. The taxi hadn’t arrived yet.
4. One of the guests hadn’t eaten yet.
5. The tailor hadn’t sewn my blouse yet.
6. The durians hadn’t ripen yet.
7. The meeting hadn’t finished yet.
8. She hadn’t washed her hands yet.
9. The test hadn’t started yet.
10. The players hadn’t started playing yet.

The appropriate sentences for the past perfect tense yet.

1. The clothes had not dried up yet.
2. Kamal hadn’t caught any fish yet.
3. Had Ali and Aziz run yet?
4. Had Mazni found her purse yet?
5. The servant had not ironed my shirt yet.
6. It had not stopped ringing yet.
7. Hadn’t the ceiling stopped leaking yet?
8. All of us hadn’t cut our hair yet.
9. The soup hadn’t boiled yet.
10. Had the aeroplane landed yet?

The past perfect tense yet is start page 276 to 277 SIMPLE ENGLISH, A Practical Grammar Workbook.