It can also be used to mean ‘apart from that’ as in “Both players suffered bruising but were otherwise unhurt”.

Experienced or be subjected to something bad or unpleasant. “He suffered intense pain”. Synonyms as be in pain, feel pain, be upset.

To experience physical or mental pain. Or to experience or show the effects of something bad.

To feel pain or something equally unpleasant. If you suffer pain, you feel it in your body or in your mind.


Synonyms as celebrated, famous, acknowledged, praised, outstanding, distinguished, admire, renowned, noted, famed, highly esteemed.

Famous, renowned, well known, esteemed, honoured, acclaimed. “That hairstyle makes you look quite distinguished”. Very successful authoritative, and commanding great respect.

Used to describe a person, especially an older person, who looks formal, stylish or wise. Of a person or a body of work respected and admired for excelence.

A person especially an older person, might be described as being distinguished in appearance if the person looks important and respected.


A person with an outstanding intellect. Synonyms as genius, intellect, author, planner, bright.

To plan a difficult activity, often a crime, in detail and make certain that it happens successfully.

A person who supplies the directing or creative intelligence for a project. If you mastermind a difficult or complicated activity, you plan it in detail.

A person with an outstanding intellect. A mastermind is a brilliant thinker with original ideas. You might be a chess mastermind or a criminal mastermind.

To plan and direct (a usually complex project or activity), especially skillfully. Someone who plans and organizes a complicated activity.


The mysterious Satoshi Nakamoto is credited as the mastermind creator behind bitcoin the currency and bitcoin network.

Added (an amount of money) to an acount. Or means,

Publicly acknowledge a contributor’s role in the production of (something published or broadcast).

Synonyms as ascribe, attribute, assign, accredit, impute, put down, set down, “The screenplay is credited to one American and two Japanese writers”.

To praise, approval or honour and to do something that makes a person, group or organization. Feel proud or receive praise. To believe something that seems unlikely to be true.


Emerging from the world of cryptography in the mid 2000s.

Becoming, appear, attended, emerge is used of coming forth from a place shut off from view. Or in an early state of development or representing.

Means to come out from an enclosed or dark space. To emerge is defined as to become more well known or more important or to come into view.

An emerging market economy is one in which the country is becoming a developed nation and is determined through many socio-economic factors.


Emerging from the world of cryptography in the mid 2000s.

Associated with the process of converting ordinary plain text into unintelligible text and vice-versa. Both the sender and receiver share a single key. The sender uses this key to encrypt plaintext and send the cipher text to the receiver.

Cryptography is a method of protecting information and communications through the use of codes so that only those for whom the information is intended can read and process it. The pre-fix “crypt” means hidden or vault and the suffix “graphy” stands for writing.

Modern cryptography uses sophisticated mathematical equations (algorithms) and secret keys to encrypt and decrypt data.

Today, cryptography is use to provide secrecy and integrity to our data, and both authentication and anonymity to our communications.

Cryptography or cryptology is the practice and study of techniques for secure.


To give public approval and praise. “She was universally/widely/publicly acclaimed for her contribution to the discovery”.

A piece of writing submitted for publication in a jounal, book, article, story, item, chapter, paper essay.

Or a gift or payment to a common fund or collection, donation, gift, present, donative. Something that you contribute or to do help produce or achieve something together with other.

If you make a contribution to something, you do something to help make it successful. “The thing contributed his USD 100 contribution to the cancer research fund”. A gift or payment to a common fund or collection.

MS175 present tense

Unit 1 : ms 175 PRESENT TENSE. Study the form of verbs in the table and main focus present tense.

Simple English part 3, present tense instruction.

Present simple is be, to the present participle is being, for past simple’s was or were and past participle is been. (

Present Simple be sentences:
a) You seem to be an honest man.
b) Be careful about what you eat.
c) I’ll be back in a few minutes.
d) I might be a few minutes late.
e) It is clear what must be done.
f) When will the concert be held?
g) The rumor turned out to be true.
h) What time will dinner be served?
i) Don’t be afraid to ask questions.
j) I’m sure, I’ll be able to find it.


Because the ‘h’ is silent in honour or honor. Sometimes ‘an’ is used even if the ‘h’ is aspirated.

Of a sound – pronounced with an exhalation of breath. Or the sound represented in English by the letter “h” in words such as house.

Aspirated is past simple and past participle of aspirate. To pronounce (a vowel or a consonant) with aspiration.

To pronounce (a vowel or word) with the initial release of breath associated with English h, as in hurry.

To follow (a consonant, especially a stop consonant) with a puff of breath that is clearly audible before the next sound begins, as in English pit or kit.


It can also be used to mean ‘apart from that’ as in “Both players suffered bruising but were otherwise unhurt”.

Causing a bruise or bruises. An injury or mark where the skin has not been broken but is darker in colour, often as a result of being hit.

An injury transmitted through unbroken skin to underlying tissue causing rupture of small blood vessels and escape of blood into the tissue with resulting discoloration.

A bruise is an injury which appears as a purple mark on your body, although the skin is not broken. If you bruise a part of your body, a bruise appears on it.