The source sentence is “The page 273, past perfect tense + the adverbial is arrange the words into appropriate sentences”.

Relating to or functioning as an adverb or adverbial. An adverbial phrase, also known as an adverb phrase is a group of words that functions as an adverb in a sentence.

That is it modifies a verb, adjective, adverb, clause or the sentence as a whole. In grammar, an adverbial is a word (an adverb) or a group of words phrase or/and clause that modifies or more closely defines the sentence or the verb.

We use adverbials of manner to say how something happens or how something is done. It’s can modify a verb, an adjective or a complete sentence.

In the phrase “she smiled cheerfully” the word cheerfully is an adverb and in the sentence “she ran quickly” the adverb quickly modifies the verb ran.


“The farmer had harvested the padi in the field”.

to pick and collect crops, or to collect plants, animals, or fish to eat: In the US, winter wheat is harvested in the early summer.

the time of year when crops are cut and collected from the fields, or the activity of cutting and collecting ..

gather (a crop) as a harvest. “after harvesting, most of the crop is stored in large buildings”

synonyms:gather in, gather, bring in, take in; reap, pick, collect; raregarner, ingather, glean, cull
“once he’s harvested the wheat crop, there are still the beans”


“Father had sprinkled some salt into the basin of water”.

a small quantity or amount of something scattered over an object or surface. “a generous sprinkle of pepper”.

cover (an object or surface) with small drops or particles of a substance.

“I the floor with water” synonyms:dredge, dust, powder “when the cake is cool, sprinkle it with icing sugar”.


The sentence is “The smugglers had been hiding in the cave until the police caught them”.

someone who takes goods or people into or out of a country illegally: a drug/arms/human smuggler.

An increasing number of migrants are turning to smugglers for help.

A person smugglers goods, or drugs. Or to take things or people to or from a place secretly and often illegally.


Puan Maznah had claimed the lost bag“.

to say that something is true or is a fact, although you cannot prove it and other people might not believe it:

The company claims that it is not responsible for the pollution in the river.

# They claim there’s not enough evidence it’s him.

# She would claim to be a research scientist.

# That claim is simply not true.

# In fact she had avoided – even pushed away those who might want to claim close friendship.

2. a written request to an organization to pay you a sum of money which you believe it owes you: After the storm, dozens of claims were filed to collect crop insurance.

formally request or demand; say that one owns or has earned (something).

When you express your right to something, you’re making a claim to it, like telling your sister, “This bowl of cereal is mine.”

A claim is also a statement saying that you have a right to something: They asserted their claim to citizenship.


“The watchman had locked the front gate”.

a man employed to look after an empty building, especially at night. “a night watchman”

synonyms:security guard, security man, guard, doorman; caretaker, superintendent, warden.

a person who keeps guard over a building at night, to protect it from fire, vandals, or thieves. (formerly) a person who guards or patrols the streets at night.

“a night watchman”  a man employed to look after an empty building, especially at night.


The source sentence is “The volcano had already erupted once”.

Of a volcano become active and eject lava, Ash and gases. Synonym as explode. When a volcano erupts, it explodes and flames and rocks come out of it.

For examples: “since the volcano last erupted, many houses have been built in a dangerous position on its slopes”. Synonyms as flare up, flare, burst out.

For second meaning is break out suddenly and dramatically.

Sentence examples are ” fierce fighting erupted between the army and guerrillas”. And fighting erupted in the streets”.


Writers need to be very clear about who they are writing for, and must tailor their work accordingly.

Made to order, custom made, a person whose occupation is making fitted.

2. Make or adapt for a particular purpose or person. Customize, adapt, adjust, modify, convert, alter, mould, trim, suit, shape, reshape, tune, repairs, outfitter.

When you tailor something, to the needs of others, you are adjusting what you do to best suit them rather than taking a general approach.

Appeals synonym

The magazine appeals to people with an extensive knowledge of cars, car parts and the car-industry.

If something appeals to you, you find it attractive or interesting. An application (as to a recognized authority) or make a serious.

If you appeal to someone to do something, you make a serious and urgent request to them.
Synonyms as ask, refer, call, request, supplicate.

2. A quality that arouses interest, desire, attraction. Definition of appeal, to make a request for, or mean to ask. “The Prime Minister appealed to young people to use their vote”.

“The United Nations has appealed for help from the International Community”.

Synonyms as attractive, interesting or a favorable response. An appeal is an attempt to raise money  for a charity or for a good cause.

“If you appeal to someone in authority against a decision, you formally ask them to change it.